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2019年耒阳教师招聘(考编)小学英语真题试卷、答案版

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2019 年耒阳考编英语真题(4.20) 一、教育综合知识: 选择题:每题 1.25 分,共 8 题,共 10 分。 二、学科专业知识 1.选择题 每题 0.94 分,共 10 题,共 9.4 分 2.完型填空 每题 1.06 分,共 10 题,共 10.06 分 3.阅读理解 每题 2.05 分,共 20 题,共 41 分 4. 改错题 每题 1 分,共 10 题,共 10 分 5. 作文 每题 1 分,共 1 题,共 10 分 6. 论述题 每题 9 分,共 1 题,共 9 分 一、教育综合知识 1、选择题(每题 1.25 分,共 8 题,共 10 分) 1、中国历史上第一部论述教育的专著是( ) A.春秋 B.礼记 C.论语 D.学记 2、某教师十分重视基本概念、原理及学习方法的教学。这位教师所遵循的学习 理论是( )。 A.认证结构学习理论 B.认知同化学习理论 C.行为主义学习理论 D.建构主义学习理论 3、某教师在课堂教学中,关注的是课堂气氛以及学生的整体状况,并根据此安 排自己的教学。按福勒和布朗所划分的教师成长阶段,该教师所处的成长阶段 是( ) A.关注学生 B.关注情境 C.关注生存 D.关注结果 4、第一个提出要使教育学成为科学,并把教育理论建立在伦理学和心理学基础 之上的教育家是( ) A.赫尔巴特 B.卢梭 C.夸美纽斯 1 D.康德 5、对于一个十分害怕狗的学生,我们可以让他先看一些狗的照片,谈了关于狗 的话题,再让他远远观看关在笼中的狗,让他靠近笼中的狗,最后让他用手触 摸,逐步消除对狗的惧怕反应。这种方法在心理治疗中称为( ) A.松弛训练 B.系统脱敏疗法 C.肯定性训练 D.合理情绪疗法 6、按照《教师资格条例》,被撤销教师资格自撤销之日起( )年内不得重新 取得教师资格。 A.2 B.3 C.5 D.10 7、根据《中华人民共和国教育法》规定,下列说法错误的是( ) A.学校教师可以对学生家长提供家庭教育指导 B.学校及其他教育机构应当无条件的积极参与当地社会公益活动 C.企业事业单位、社会团体及其他社会组织和个人,可通过适当形式,支持学 校建设,参与学校管理 D.图书馆、博物馆、科技馆、文化馆、美术馆等社会公共文化体育设施以及历 史文化古迹和革命纪念馆,应当对教师、学生实行优待,为受教育者接受教育 提供便利 8、2018 年的《中共中央国务院关于全面深化新时代教师队伍建设改革意见》 指出教师队伍的五条基本原则:确保方向、强化保障、( )、深化改革和分类 施策 A.提升学历 B.突出师德 C.强化科研 D.强调教学能力 2 二、学科专业知识 1、选择题(每题 0.94 分,共 10 题,共 9.4 分) 1. I really didn’t understand____ made my son so sad this morning. A.what was it B.what it was that C.it was what that D.what was it that 2. If nothing_____,the oceans will turn into fish deserts. A.does B.had been done C.will do D.is done 3. A lot of language learning, ____has been discovered, is happening in the first year of life, so parents should talk much to their children during that period. A.as B.it C.which D.this 4. The witnesses______ by the police just now described the fight quite differently. A. questioned B. being questioned C. to be questioned D. questioning 5. When I walked slowly through the market, where people_____all kinds of fruits and vegetables. I studied the prices carefully and bought what I needed. A. sell B. were selling C. had sold D. have sold 6.缺。 7. Many lifestyle patterns do such __ great harm to health that they actually speed up __weakening of the human body. A.a; / B. /; the C. a; the D. /; / 8.The founder of the American drama is _____. A. Arthur Miller B.Eugene O' Neill C.Tennesee Williams D.Clifford Odets 9. He decided that he would drive all the way home instead of _____at a hotel for the night. A.putting down B.putting off C.putting on D.putting up 10.Running is a good exercise. _______, it doesn’t pollute the air. A.However B. Besides C. Therefore D. So 参考答案:1-5 BDAAB 7-10 BBDB 3 2、完形填空(每题 1.06 分,共 10 题,共 10.06 分) Behind our house is the start of a fascinating trail (小径). This trail is one of the old roads that wind through untold miles of forest. My dog, Beans, and I walk the trail frequently. Normally, Beans sniffs alongside the trail to follow the smell of a deer track or__11__some cause known only to him. Beans is a white dog, quite handsome and very__12__. He not only understands what we tell him, but also often makes sounds as if he were trying to__13__back. One morning, we took a different route, which led us to an unfamiliar trail. I was sure this trail would eventually lead us to our familiar__14__. But, no. We seemed to be far off course. After two hours, I suddenly realized that Beans probably__15__the way home. So I urged, “Beans, take me home.” He ran down a new trail. But it merely led to an intersection (岔道口) of trails. Soon it became__16__that we were getting nowhere. We had walked about ten miles. But Beans seemed totally__17__. The sniffing and exploring was going well for him. Finally, we__18__a crossroad near a highway. Lady Luck suggested I should turn left. We did and__19__reached a cottage beside a field. I knocked on the door and explained my situation to an old man. He laughed and then drove us home. Since our adventure, I__20__that Beans probably knew all along how to get home. He was just having too much fun exploring new trails. 11.A. imagine B. consider C. explore D. present 12.A. smart B. sweet C. slow D. shy 13.A. turn B. kick C. jump D. speak 14.A. driveway B. path C. crossroad D. highway 15.A. knew B. saw C. showed D. made 16.A. mysterious B. ridiculous C. fascinating D. apparent 17.A. unconcerned B. unconscious C. undecided D. uncomfortable 18.A. left for B. went off C. came to D. drove toward 19.A. punctually B. frequently C. formally D. shortly 20.A. regretted B. remembered C. concluded D. confirmed 参考答案:11-15 CADBA 16-20 DACDC 三、阅读理解(每题 2.05 分,共 20 题,共 41 分) A Most of the time, the ground feels solid beneath our feet. That's comforting. But it's also misleading because there's actually a lot going on underground. Masses of land (called plates) slip, slide, and bump against each other, slowly changing the shape of 4 continents and oceans over millions and billions of years. Scientists know that Earth formed about 4.5 billion years ago. They also know that our planet was hot at first. As it cooled, its outermost layer, called the crust (地壳), eventually formed moving plates. Exactly when this shift happened, however, is an open question. Now, an international group of researchers has an answer. They've found new evidence suggesting that Earth's crust started shifting at least 3.8 billion years ago. The new estimate is l. 3 billion years earlier than previous ones. Not long before 3. 8 billion years ago, lots of small planets were hitting Earth, keeping its crust in a hot, melting state. After the hard crust formed, much of it sank at various times into the planet's hot insides. There, it melted before returning to the surface. In some places, however, the crust never sank. One of the oldest such places is in Greenland, in an area called the Isua supracrustal (上地壳) belt. The rocky crust there is between 3.7 and 3.8 billion years old. The belt was once part of the seafloor, but now it is exposed to air. The researchers recently took a close look at the Isua supracrustal belt. They noticed long, parallel cracks in the rock that have been filled in with a type of volcanic rock. To explain this structure, the scientists propose that tension in the crust caused the seafloor to crack open long ago. Hot liquid rock oozed from deep inside Earth to fill the cracks. Finally, the whole area cooled, forming what we see today. That explanation, plus chemical clues inside the rock, suggests that the Isua supracrustal belt was once part of plate under the ocean, beginning around 3.8 billion years ago. “It's a fantastic case of solving a jigsaw puzzle,”says one of the researchers. He notes that the puzzle was “a very difficult one because these rocks are all very old and have been badly ruined". 21.The underlined phrase “oozed from" in Paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to________. A. filled up gradually B. washed away quickly C. flew out of slowly D. broke through suddenly 22.What can we infer from the text? A. The shapes of continents and oceans changed slowly. B. The Earth's crust started shifting l.3 billion years ago. C. The crust began to shift when the Earth was hot. D. The hit from small planets made the Earth cool. 23.What do scientists know about the past of the Isua supracrustal belt? A. It was once covered by hot, liquid rock. B. It remained under the deep sea. C. It stayed hot and sinking. D. It kept moving slowly. 24.The text is mainly about________. 5
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